For years, people have been talking about Democracy 2.0: the use of communications technologies to create public areas in cyberspace based on democratic principles. Nonetheless, the phrase tends to generate uncertainty, especially because of the tendency to put the 2.0 tag on any new development on the internet, obscuring, in a way, the principles that underlie these developments. If we are referring to democracy, it will exist on the web solely on the basis of the methods and criteria used to design and organize websites.
The use of unnecessary force to clear protesters from central Barcelona has reinforced the negative image of Catalonia’s mossos police force. It was also a shot in the arm for a flagging protest movement.
The Spanish Socialist Party has just suffered its heaviest election defeat ever. But with internal strife finally bubbling over, things can still get worse.
With the votes in from the May 22 local elections and the governing Socialists suffering a heavy defeat, Iberosphere co-editor Guy Hedgecoe looks at how the 15-M movement injected a much needed burst of energy into Spanish politics. But can the activists maintain their momentum?